Your Questions About Anabolic Process

Thomas asks…

Would photosynthesis be considered an anabolic process?

admin answers:

Of course photosynthesis is an anabolic process,here glucose and oxygen is synthesized from co2 and water.

Charles asks…

photosynthesis is an anabolic process is catalyzed by?

admin answers:

Chlorophyll and a list of specific enzymes, like Ribulose-DiPhosphate carboxylase.

Michael asks…

Why does a biological process that occurs without an input of energy have to increase universal entropy?

My Biology book says
“For a process to occur spontaneously, it must increase the entropy of the universe”
But why?
If you put two monosaccharides (or any other monomer, for that matter) and a water molecule in a closed environment, you will get a polymer of some sort. That is an anabolic process, one that increases the order of the universe.
I’m sorry if this is a silly question. Any help is greatly appreciated.

admin answers:

If you’re thinking of dehydrating two monosaccharides, for example, you’d get two molecules out (disaccharide + water) for the two monosaccharides you put in, so it’s not obvious that you’ve increased the order of the system, and I’m pretty sure that hydrolysis is spontaneous and not the reverse.

Look at it this way: a rxn is spontaneous if its Gibbs free energy dG = dH – TdS 0, then the entropy of the system increases. If a process is spontaneous and dH 0. Either way, the entropy of the universe dS(system) + dS(surroundings) > 0.

Now that’s not really a rigorous demonstration, but it will be if you partition the universe into system and surroundings, and account for the change in the entropy of the surroundings due to heat into or out of the system. The point of Gibbs work was that you can combine energy and entropy into an expression for useful work, that useful work can be extracted in moving from one state to another with lower Gibbs free energy, and that the second law places the same constraint on useful work in a chemical system as it does in a purely mechanical system.

Really though you’ll want a thermo book, or maybe a chemical thermo book, to pursue this. This topic terrifies most chemists and all biologists, and you likely won’t get anything but gibberish from them as they parrot whatever was in *their* biology books.

George asks…

Is growth catabolic to anabolic process or anabolic to catabolic process.. if so y?

admin answers:

Growth is an Anabolic process.

Anabolic processes tend toward “building up” organs and tissues. These processes produce growth and differentiation of cells and increase in body size, a process that involves synthesis of complex molecules. Examples of anabolic processes include the growth and mineralization of bone and increases in muscle mass.

Robert asks…

Is the process of synthesis of glycogen anabolic or catabolic?

admin answers:

Anabolic, and the word ‘synthesis’ also gives it away….in addition, glycogen is a polymer of glucose
So….it’s anabolic (building a larger molecule from smaller component molecules)

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Your Questions About Obesity Essay Questions

William asks…

What are the effects of not eating right and exercising?

i am writing an essay and i need some help on the effects of my question

admin answers:

Not eating right causes malnutrition which can lead to stunted growth, low immunity or more susceptibility to illness, difficulties in mental focus. It will cause a person longer to recover (if at all) from injuries and illnesses.

Not eating right could also mean overeating and that would cause obesity (being overly fat). In the US, the number one killer of Americans is heart disease stemming from obesity. The number of deaths from heart disease has increased every year for over 30 years to over 270,000 each year. Plus, the average age the disease is appearing in people is dropping; it used to be heart disease appeared in people in their late 60′s, but we are now seeing it in people as young as 40.

Not exercising contribute to bad health because for most people dieting is not enough to maintain or keep their body weight low. Plus, there are mental benefits to exercising such as relieving stress and lowers bad cholesterol.

Ruth asks…

Help essay question!!!! The twentieth century proved that capitalism makes us happier,do you agree?

The twentieth century proved that capitalism makes us happier than anything else. How far do you agree? Essay topic for history what should i wright about?


admin answers:

I would disagree. Capitalism has brought with it consumerism which has resulted in debt, pressure to buy more and more to keep up with the Jones’ and results in working more and a garage full of junk. It has also resulted in pollution, corporate corruption and poverty. People commute long distances in traffic to get to work causing stress, obesity from sitting in an office all day and depression.

Steven asks…

How to write a cause and effect essay?10 points?

How is it supposed to be structured?

admin answers:


Cause And Effect Essays
The main idea and direction of cause and effect essays can be derived from the caption itself. Cause and effect essays are the essays concerning the causes of some incidence and its aftermaths or consequences. Cause and effect essays are one of the common ways of discussing and organizing ideas.
Prior to writing your cause and effect essay you must try to investigate the relation between the cause and the relating effect of it. For example obesity, you must try to find what were the causes of obesity? Like the hormonal imbalance, psychological problems, medications, improper diet, hereditary problems etc. Then you must relate the consequences with its causes. For example, risk of cardiac failure, deterioration of joints, gallbladder diseases, lethargic way of life, emotional suffering or embarrassment in social life of a person etc.
So, we can say that cause and effect essays are the essays containing a discussion, why the thing has happened and what is has lead to? There are some topics…

The Cause-Effect Essay

Cause-and-effect writing gives reasons and explanations for events, conditions, or behavior. It answers the need most of us have to understand the world around us.
When planning a cause-and-effect essay, begin by listing the event or condition you want to address. Then brainstorm to generate ideas about either its causes or its effects. Do additional research on your topic if necessary.
Think carefully about the causes and effects you have listed. As part of prewriting you may find it helpful to diagram or demonstrate these relationships graphically. Check to be sure you have not drawn any faulty conclusions. Your conclusions are faulty if the cause-and-effect relationship does not exist or if it is unreasonable or not clearly established.
Ask yourself the following questions:
o Have I assumed a cause-effect relationship when there is none?
Causal Relation:
Necessary Cause – one that must be present for the effect to occur.
Ex. Combustion is necessary…

You can get more info here:

John asks…

Are there any forms of literary criticism that are right wing?

No more Marxist criticism please! If literature is this infested with the far left I’ll just make up my own criticism and write about it — Hayekian criticism, Capitalist criticism, something…

But seriously, are there any kind of conservative criticisms? It’s so painful writing essays on feminism, etc.

admin answers:

Ok, so I saw this question a few hours ago and it really bothered me I couldn’t think of an answer. Nearly didn’t find it again after I thought of a possible answer!

Short answer is no, I don’t think there is any literary theory that can be described as “right wing”. And there’s a good reason for that, I think.
Right wing theory just isn’t suited to Literature. Why?
All Fictional Literature, no matter what genre, concerns itself with one thing and one thing only: humanity. It’s always about what it means to be human, what is human, how do humans cope within a system and how do they deal with themselves. In short, humanity.
Left Wing theories concern themselves with that too, mainly with Humanity within the system.

On the other hand, Right Wing Theory concerns itself with the system, not the human in it. Right Wing theories are therefore perfectly suited to other academic fields, such as Economics or Sociology (which concerns itself with the system humans are organized in, rather than the human within that system), but not so much to Literature.

The two theories I can think of that could be classified as right wing would be Morality and possibly some branches of Theology. The problem with these is that the first is not very academic and both of them require a certain amount of prejudice insofar that both rely on faith (whether it’s faith in a deity or faith in what is righteous and what isn’t).
Besides, because both require judgement, they are less interesting.
Let’s take The Scarlet Letter for example. You could study it with these two conservative theories rather than with feminism. But you’d end up with the very uninteresting conclusion of “Hester Prynne is a sinner/a harlot because the Bible/moral convention says so”. Also, that book wasn’t written at all with such a judgement on Hester, but let’s imagine it was written that way. Would it be half as interesting to read in the first place? Probably not and it would have sunk into oblivion before we could have the opportunity to study it in universities.

All that said, be aware there are plenty other theories you can use besides neo-marxism and and feminism. Psychoanalysis is one of them. Post-modernism, neo-colonialism, neo-structuralism, Formalism. Formalism is the only one I would qualify as politically neutral. The others will almost automatically tend to a more left wing view, but maybe not quite as obviously so as Neo-Marxism and Feminism, so if you’re sick of these two, take your pick of the others!
Also be aware, there are always new ones appearing (I had a PhD student colleague who worked on the newly emerging “Fat Studies” which concerns itself with the representation of obesity/bigger people in Culture) and new ways to subvert old ones. Feminist theory for example is now part of “Gender Studies” with the apparition of Masculinities, which does for men what feminist theory does for women, and other LGBT Studies branches.

David asks…

Is my essay on eating disorders good?

I haven’t written a conclusion yet because I wanted to get the rest of the essay finished with before i summed it up. Feel free to help with a conclusion as well. Be as critical is possible please. The essay is below:

Over the past fifteen or more years, eating disorders, specifically anorexia and bulimia, have begun to be acknowledged as serious problems. The media has told the world about the deaths of well-known perfomers and athletes who have died as a direct result of their eating disorder. While the the producers of advertisements with obviously underweight models included in them put on acts to care about the individuals suffering from eating disorders, there is still absolutely nothing being done about the young American victims.

The two most common types of eating disorders include Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is a disorder where people of the skinnier body type, convinced that they are overweight, starve themselves. Bulimia nervosa is more of a physcological disorder; it becomes obvious to others that people suffer with Bulimia because of their excessive shape and weight concerns. Adolescent girls, usually around the age of the onset of puberty, are the main target of these deadly disorders.

Though the disorders take physical damage on the body, they are not in fact physical illnesses. A person cannot “catch” an eating disorder. Rather, they are mental issues that develop more frequently within females but do affect the male population somewhat as well. Harmful methods used to try and achieve the advertised look of perfection by these people are by self-starvation and/or induced vomitting. Because of these actions, things such as rapid weight loss, dizzy spells, mood swings, and the damaging of teeth can occur.

While eating disorders can be quite life-threatening if abused, there are several positive things about them. For instance, when a person has an eating disorder, it shows that she truly cares about her image. Caring about the way she is viewed by people is not a crime. Only when the caring becomes excessive should one start to worry.

admin answers:

I would add a few more facts – some suggestions below, I hope this helps you.

I would start with the basics of a healthy diet –
Proteins – build muscle and cells
Carbohydrates- starch and sugars – energy
Fats and oils – cell membranes and energy
Minerals and vitamins – health
Fibre – helps food move through the intestine
Water – hydration of the body.

Discuss ‘what is malnutrition?’

Health and body image – What factors influence how we see ourselves? Advertising? Models, film stars or famous people? Popular music culture? Who are most vulnerable to images of so called ‘desirable’ body shape and size?

Now discuss anorexia/bulimia.

Mention what the lack of food can do to the body and related health problems.

Then move on to discuss the other end of the scale – obesity.

Then discuss how too much food and too little exercise can lead to (e.g. High blood pressure, diabetes, etc).

Next discuss the question of balance & body mass index.

Mention fast food products/diet – high in fats and salt which are not good if eaten to excess.

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Your Questions About Obesity Epidemic Facts

Nancy asks…

Will 0bama ever take the bull by the horns&face the fact,the US is being slowly killed by the obesity epidemic?

Or will we just have to take a back-seat while listening to his usual liberal agenda, while our children die horrific deaths.×300.jpg

admin answers:

He already has. Michelle Obama started a health campaign.

Carol asks…

What is the mortality and morbility due to obesity?

admin answers:

“According to the National Institutes of Health, obesity and overweight together are the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States, close behind tobacco use. An estimated 300,000 deaths per year are due to the obesity epidemic.” (source below)
I know being fat increases your risk of Alzheimer’s, heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes, joint problems, gall bladder problems and more.
As an obese person, I can tell you that every part of my body is strained and unhappy with this weight. And it’s not a question of “just don’t eat”–I’m not an overeater. In fact, I drink slim-fast for 10 out of my 19 meals per week, I work out 4 hours a week and I’m on diet pills. What else would you have me do?

Mandy asks…

Why do cons think that because poor people are fat they live the good life?

Fast food is cheaper than healthy food. That is a fact.
Comparing the poor in the US to the poor in the third world is a cop out from answering the question

admin answers:

Well, you’re right in one sense- it IS much cheaper to buy crappy food either from a fast food joint or from the store to feed your family with, and that food generally has a much higher calorie, fat, salt and sugar content. A packet of cheap ramen noodles costs around 13 cents, and a pack of cheap hot dogs around 99 cents. So yes, it’s cheaper than something like fish and fresh vegetables. However, there are also other factors involved, like the food stamp program, culture, and advertising. The food stamp program gives the poor in the US an enormous amount of benefits per month. I have known people with families of four who have gotten upwards of $600 per month in food benefits. So you would think that they would be buying healthy food, right? Nope. I go into the grocery store all the time and see people with carts loaded full of convenience and junk food- frozen pizzas, hot pockets, chips, ice cream….whatever can be cooked in the microwave quickly and has an addictive taste to it, and then they whip out their benefit card at the check out stand to pay for it. Sure, it’s not ALL food stamp recipients who do this, but most of them where I live seem to. I think the reason why is that unfortunately, the United States has a very sick culture. People are miserable and depressed, and I guess when you add poverty into that mix and the only pleasure you can get is a quick junk food high then yes, people are going to indulge in that. I mean, if you have no money to take your kids to the beach or somewhere else nice to have fun, but you DO have $600 on your food stamp card, then I suppose your pleasure is going to be centered on food. I personally think that the government needs to put restrictions on the types of foods that people can buy with their food stamps. Also, our advertising really pushes junk food, and it markets it to children and to ethnic groups that have a long history of poverty in the United States. And it seems to be really hard for parents to say no to their children who want those foods when they get to the store, especially when that is the only indulgence many parents can afford for their children.

As a side note, the people who go hungry in this country are not the dirt poor. As I said, they get food stamps. It is actually the lower middle class who really suffer, because they get no assistance with anything at all, and the cost of living can be very high. Usually, their kids don’t even get free lunches at school. My brother got laid off his job and was out of work for about a year after his unemployment benefits ran out, and his family lived off of his wife’s earnings as a substitute teacher, which was barely enough to survive. They made sure their kids were fed and taken care of, but both parents lost A LOT of weight, especially my brother, who became dangerously underweight in spite of the cheap food that they ate, because it still wasn’t enough calories.

So anyway, I’m not disagreeing with you, I’m just saying that there are a lot more factors involved in the U.S. Obesity epidemic than poverty.

Ruth asks…

tv viewing is harmful?

admin answers:

Television Viewing Linked to Childhood Obesity

FACT: In this computer age your child may be more technologically savvy than you are. While this is certainly not unusual, it may not be very good news. New studies have demonstrated that the amount of time spent sitting before an electronic screen – watching television, playing video games or surfing the Internet – is linked to the increased instances of childhood obesity.

Research conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows the incidence of obesity was highest among children who watched four or more hours of television a day, and lowest among children watching an hour or less per day. And consider this fact: according to an article in the Journal of the American Medicine Association, other than sleeping, children today spend more time in front of computer and television screens than any other daily activity.

It is little wonder that the American Academy of Pediatrics reports one in ten children is obese and one in five is overweight. The obesity epidemic now follows smoking as the most preventable cause of death in the United States, according to the CDC. And the Surgeon General’s office warns that obesity is not an isolated issue, but instead brings with it related risks for harmful health problems, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Statistics like these are causing increased concern for health experts.

Gone are the days when children begged for ten more minutes outside before dinner. Motivating children to go out and play has become an increasingly difficult task. According to the Center for Media Education, television is the top after-school activity chosen by children ages 6 to 17. In fact, a 2002 study published in Applied Developmental Psychology reports young people watch an average of three-and-one-half hours of television every day, and 56 percent of teens have a TV in their bedroom.

It is clear that daily physical activity and proper nutrition remain essential tools for combating childhood obesity. Many experts believe that cutting back television time is the most easily modifiable factor of childhood obesity; a recent Pediatrics study concluded television-watching increases the amount of time children spend inactive, as well as encouraging snacking as opposed to a nutritional meal.

The importance of physical activity and a healthy lifestyle has prompted local community leaders to join the Coalition for a Healthy and Active America (CHAA), a national grassroots organization whose mission is to bring together parents, schools and communities to craft responsible and balanced solutions to the problem of childhood obesity.

CHAA promotes a rededication to physical fitness and expanded nutrition education as the most crucial step in fighting childhood obesity. The coalition encourages families to turn off the television and turn up the amount of active play time as positive ways to encourage a healthy lifestyle. Participate in physical activity as a family, and set specific times for television viewing and computer use.

By working together, parents, schools, and communities can fight childhood obesity and help to reverse its harmful effects. Your kids may still know more than you about the family computer, but you can teach them a lot about a healthy and active lifestyle.

Joseph asks…

how to write an opening statement about addressing the issue of childhood obesity?

I just need to know how to write an opening statement and a thesis based on my topic

admin answers:

There was a time when chubby children were considered cute. It was assumed that their baby fat would melt away and a healthy adult would be left over. We now know that childhood obesity can be very harmful for our nations children. Not only can obesity cause health problems but also psychological problems. In observing the causes of childhood obesity, hopefully we can slow down the epidemic.

Millions of children are wearing obesity like it’s the new fad, when in fact they are eating themselves to death.

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Your Questions About Healthy Foods For Kids

Donna asks…

What Are Some healthy foods for kids?

Hi I’m doing a project called Nutrition and healthly foods powerpoint can you give me some healthy and non-healthy foods for kids thanks?

admin answers:


Some Healthy Foods: Fruits, Vegetables, Dairy products, variety kinds of Beans, Pulses & Grains.
These are on top of my mind. You can take few of the above items as examples, show their nutrient values and explain how those values are good for kids.

Some Unhealthy Foods: Burgers, French Fries, Chips, Donuts, Ice-cream, etc.,
You can explain how the fats in these foods are bad & also how those unnecessary calories can harm kids.

All the Best with your project :-)

Paul asks…

What is some healthy food that kids would like?

My parents work during the week and my grandmother can’t cook. Therefore, it has fallen on me to make sure my siblings get something healthy to eat for lunch ever day… Only I don’t really know what! When I ask them what they want they always say fast food, and with me being a health freak, I’m not going to let that happen. So what are some genially liked food for kids?

admin answers:

Make healthy sandwiches. PB&J can be healthy with good peanut butter, jam that is not packed with sugar and whole wheat bread. Banana chips are a sweet and crunchy alternative to other snacks. Celery with peanut butter is good. Turkey sandwiches with light mayo, lettuce, tomato and avocado is good for you.

Pasta can be fine even. Get some whole grain pasta and then do a little garlic and olive oil in a sauce pan with a sprinkle of herbs and fresh grated parmigiano cheese on top. The key is to get decent ingredients and moderate the use of fats and sugars. You don’t need to feed the little ones kale salad, though making a little with some dried cranberries, almond slivers, and a light oil and vinegar dressing can be pretty tasty.

Sandra asks…

Healthy foods?

Ok i’m not stupid i do know what healthy foods are but can you tell me some healthy foods?

admin answers:

The following healthy living recommendations will help you if you’re trying to lose weight, tone up your muscles, have aspirations of building lean muscle mass, are attempting to get a wash board stomach, or just want to feel better:

*1) Burn more calories then you’re consuming everyday and measure your results using the following formula: Calories Consumed minus Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) minus Physical Activity minus the Thermic Effect of Food (TEF). A website that explains this formula in more detail and will help you determine how many calories you need to reach or maintain a certain weight is at

Get an online, desktop, or cell phone diet and fitness calculator. This will allow you to easily calculate the above formula, set goals, log your daily calorie consumption, and register your physical activities.

Set realistic goals for your ideal body weight. Here are two websites that will calculate a suggested body weight:

It is difficult and unhealthy to lose more than one or two pounds per week. There are 3,500 calories in a pound. If you eat 500 fewer calories per day for a week you will lose one pound. If you burn through exercise 500 more calories per day for a week you will lose one pound.

Here are two articles on how to break through a weight loss plateau:

*2) Eat natural and organic foods found on earth versus something created by a corporation to make money. Eat meals in small portions throughout the day and take a good multi-vitamin supplement.

Do not try fad diets or diet pills. Avoid “High Glycemic Load Carbs” (sugar, pastries, desserts, refined starches such as breads, pasta, refined grains like white rice; high starch vegetables such as potatoes) and drink lots of water. Read this article for more information on high GL Carbs:

The following are food pyramids and several articles on what you should eat everyday:
Food Pyramids:

Antioxidant Superstars – Vegetables and Beans:

Antioxidant Loaded Fruits:

Good Carbs Mean Better Weight:

The Benefits of Protein:

Some Fats Are Good For You:

Antioxidants in Green and Black Tea:

What You Should Eat Daily:

Best Foods to Fight off Disease and Keep You Healthy:

*3) Perform cardiovascular, core, and/or strength training on most days. Read a book or find a certified trainer to make sure you’re doing all exercises correctly.

The following is a website and numerous articles on cardiovascular, core, and strength training:
Exercise Prescription on the Net

Starting an Exercise Program:

Strength Training Basics:

Cardiovascular Machine Workouts:

Balance Your Way to a Stronger Body:

Understanding Your Training Heart Rate:

Exercise Errors:

Getting a Flat Stomach:

Weight Lifting – Does Order Matter:

Encouraging Exercise in Your Kids:

Strength Training Safe and Effective for Kids:

*4) Get plenty of sleep. Sleep experts say most adults need between seven and nine hours of sleep each night for optimum performance, health, and safety.

*5) Educate yourself continually on health issues and make a life long commitment to good health. A great free publication is “Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005”. A reputable test you can take to measure your biological age is at
Look at all areas where you can enhance your health. For example, make improvements in the quality of the air you breathe. Review outdoor air quality forecasts where you live and get an indoor air purifier.

Send me an email or yahoo instant message to “gainbetterhealth” if you have any questions and good luck!

*Click on all the source links below to get the full benefit of the recommendations. The answers presented to your health questions are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

William asks…

some line on healthy food for kids?

i want some line on healthy food for nursury kids

admin answers:

Keep Out! 5 Foods to Ban From Your Kid’s Lunchbox
Posted Thu, Aug 09, 2007, 7:01 pm PDT
More and more parents are reverting to packing lunches until school cafeterias clean up their junk food acts — but here’s the catch: It’s easy to sabotage your own good intentions. Avoid these lunchbox fillers like the measles — they’re not good for your kids’ health or their waistlines!

1. Juice drinks We all know soda is as nutritious as sugar water, but drinks “made with real juice” aren’t much better. Just 1 ounce of raspberry or peach punch, iced tea, and other sweetened fruit drinks can contain over a teaspoon of high-fructose corn syrup — and it’s about as healthy as trans fat. Among other things, the syrup seems to throw off the body’s weight-regulating mechanisms. If you wouldn’t feed your children pure sugar, think twice about dropping these drinks into their lunch bags.
Better choices Water, low-fat milk, V8, one of the fruit-veggie juice blends (Vruit, Juice Plus), or a small container of 100% fruit juice. Real fruit juice is better than juice drinks but it’s still high in sugar and calories, so watch quantities.

2. Cold cuts Even though meat sandwiches are the most common lunchbox entrée for elementary school kids, they shouldn’t be everyday fare. Bologna and other processed meats — yes, even turkey Lunchables — are brimming with saturated fat (9 g, nearly half the recommended daily value), sodium (1140 mg, about half the daily max), and preservatives.
Great replacements Check out these easy, kid-friendly lunch ideas.

3. Whole-milk, fruit-topped yogurt Although yogurt’s filled with vitamins D, B12, protein, and calcium, whole-milk yogurt has lots of fat too, much of it saturated. What’s more, yogurt that’s topped (or bottomed) with a jam-like fruit mix can pack almost as much sugar as a candy bar!
Far smarter Choose low-fat yogurts and pack a container of berries or fresh fruit chunks for your child to dunk or stir in.

4. Fruity roll-ups Two problems here, unfortch. First, many brands have only a smidgen of fruit and maybe some fiber. A puree of apples or pears from concentrate comprises about one third of a roll-up; the other two thirds are additives and sugar. Second, these stretchy fruit strips are so sugary and sticky that they cling to teeth long after they’re gone, creating the perfect environment for cavities — especially if your child doesn’t brush after lunch (do you know one who does?).
Better bet If your child loves these, buy all-natural brands and reserve them for after-school treats, followed by a brushing.

5. The obvious — or maybe not: potato chips No matter how much we wish it weren’t true, these snacks (cheese puffs, too) are as bad as it gets. Consisting mostly of fat and sodium, they’re actually worse than empty calories. But that’s not the surprise. This is: Potato chips are the #1 lunchbox snack among little kids — they’re given to 55 percent of K-5 students.
Savvy substitute Try a new crispy-thin snack we just taste-tested called Garden Harvest Toasted Chips. From Nabisco, they have a satisfying chip-like crunch, are made from whole grains, and have the equivalent of a half serving of veggies or fruit. So why would kids go near them? Because they don’t taste, you know, healthy.

Your reward for making all those lunches? Kids who get into the habit of eating fiber-rich foods now — which include all fruits and veggies — are likely to stick with this healthy habit as adults. If they do, by age 32 their RealAge could be only 29.

Mark asks…

how to make healthy food for kids ? i was suffering because of this?

My son is hard to eat when he ate certain foods that are less healthy eating such as ready meals. I am a housewife can not cook I always buy food outside the home such as ready meals. Have you experienced problems like mine. how to overcome these problems to be able to make healthy food for children and my family. although I have a lot of learning to cook healthy food but no way more effective and simple to me. Please help me with your the best answer and your personal experience.

admin answers:

You can microwave healthy foods.

Tofu, rotisserie chicken from the store, frozen veggies, whole wheat bread, cheese… All very healthy and require only cutting and/or microwaving.

Baking is easy. Just turn on oven, place food in oven, remove food, turn off oven. Ta Da!

Eggs are healthy and easy. So is whole wheat pasta.

You can get a cook book too if you want, but if you just cut and microwave food there are still tons of healthy choices.

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Your Questions About Reading Food Labels For Children

Helen asks…

How I go about eating healthy as new vegetarian?

So couple of days ago diced that I would like to commit to a vegetarian lifestyle and then later on like years later(after I get the hang of being vegetarian)go vegan.How would I go about eating healthy as new vegetarian.This only my second day.I am willing to do it.Also if you could list some nuteains when I say nutrients I mean victiam c,iron,victiam d and all the other nurteins I need as a growing 17 girl.Also if u could post some websittes that you think will be helpfully.Maybe even some books to read.any thing else u think I need to know.thanks in advance.(I am so sorry about the very bad spelling.I’m already a bad speller but without my spell check it makes me look worst.sorry bout the spelling mistakes my check speller is fucking broken.damn it)
to the first 2 people u are.u guys don’t what u are talking about.

admin answers:

A balanced plant-based diet includes grains(breads, pasta, rice,cereal), legumes(soy, beans, peas, lentils), fruit and vegetables.


Being vegan can be an art, one whose challenge is to take things that involve the suffering of the innocent and change them into something free of cruelty.

If you want to become a lacto-ovo vegetarian, the transition should be quite simple. Almost all meats have widely available commercial replacements. All that you have to do is replace any flesh in your diet (beef, pork, poultry, seafood) with meat analogs or just leave it out altogether.

You should keep in mind that a journey such as this can be quite short but should just be the beginning of a longer one to a plant-based diet with no animal products. This is because of the reality of factory farming in which animals that are kept alive to produce milk, eggs, etc suffer much more and longer than animals that are raised to a certain weight and then slaughtered.

Some people use the word “vegan” in reference to this idea, but be aware that that applying that label to yourself should always come with the inclusion of wise activism and advocacy.
Two extremely important examples of this are that you should never speak to someone about vegetarianism/veganism without their consent and genuine interest or as a comment on what they are eating AND your dietary beliefs should never be used as an introduction or explanation of who you are as a person. Veg*ism should be something that comes up AFTER people get to know you and they offer you a situation that makes it confusing to withhold the information/dicussion. Also, if you are presented something that you choose not to eat or you are
ordering food/eating together somewhere/picking the best place to eat.

When you you hold off on the subject until it’s necessary and then act like it isn’t a big deal at all, people are usually surprised and WAY more interested and curious than if you were to bring it up when someone’s eating or just using it as a conversation starter.

A vegan woman can create an ENTIRELY NEW,HEALTHY HUMAN BEING INSIDE OF HER. Many of these children stay vegan and grow up to be perfectly healthy adults. So just keep yourself educated about what you eat and don’t let anyone tell you that a veg diet is lacking anything essential.

Technically the term “vegetarian” does imply that you don’t consume anything that comes from the body of an animal that requires killing it. Many ingredients such as gelatin and glycerin are found in many candies, Fig-Newtons, and many of other foods as well as rennet found in many cheeses.


The best thing to remember is to take your time so that for example: when you are comfortable not eating beef and pork you can then give up chicken when you are sure you can make the commitment permanently.
Depending on your age or reliance on parents or regional options, it may not be best to give yourself a label. The important thing is to do your best to make progress and be committed to your compassion towards animals. Never put your focus onto what you or other people use to describe yourself.

If you meet someone that talks down to people for eating meat, dairy, etc or to you because they think they are “more veg” than you, laugh in their face and tell them they are a disgrace to the entire philosophy. People like this only hurt the idea of veg*ism AND the animals. The point of all of this is to live compassionately and and as free from cruelty as you can, all the while maintaining your health and a positive attitude. People who don’t maintain either, need not open their mouths and represent our beliefs.

If you actually choose to read all of this, I hope it helps. If not, feel free to e-mail me if you have questions.


I’m vegan and these are some of my favorite things to eat:

Breakfast: bananas, cream of wheat with brown sugar and soy butter, cereal, pancakes or french toast with real maple syrup, vegan “sausage” patties, smoothies.

Lunch: VEGAN “SAUSAGE” SANDWICHES, sandwiches with vegan deli slices(Tofurkey is the only one that’s kinda funky), fruit, dinner leftovers, couscous salad, vegan sushi, potato or pasta salad.

Dinner: sloppy joes, “sausage” and gravy with homemade biscuits, Spaghetti and Trader Joe’s “meatballs” or TVP, lasagna, Thai pad see ew, pad khi mao(drunkard’s noodles), pad prig king, tofu+eggplant with basil sauce, yellow thai curry with tofu or vegan chikn and veggies and jasmine rice, Indian dal with homemade roti or dosai, channa masala, aloo gobi, vegetable or minestrone soup, pizza, STEAMED “PORK” BUNS with potstickers or spring rolls, sweet&sour/orange/lemon chikn, vegan pho or wonton soup

I use these sites to find recipes:

Daniel asks…

What is the best way for uneducated parents to support & encourage their 3rd grader to read?

He is having difficulties and will fall behind this year if he doesn’t get the help required. We feel part of his problem is focusing…..

admin answers:

Reading is the key to understanding other subjects and life references. Fortunately, you are aware of the importance or reading, hence your question. That is the first step to success, supportive parents.

If you want to get started on the right foot, have the child read the labels on food products in the home. These are familiar and easy to start with, as a rule. The move onto books in your home. It becomes a fun challenge, almost a game, to read things nearby.

Now that you have encouraged and challenged your child to read, find something that they enjoy. Comics, stories, anything at their level. Let them read to you, as you look on from behind. If you are behind, you can see the words that they have trouble with and correct them when they get stuck.

After they have agreed to spend time reading aloud, set aside time for the family to read silently, but together. This is important for the student to see everyone reading. It reinforces the work ethic and shows that you realize the importance of reading as well. Read anything that you want, but read silently each night together.

You don’t have to be highly educated, but you are very smart! You want your child to grow and to read well. It has to be part of their lifestyle, not a chore, but a life choice. Consider a weekly visit to the library and choose a few books to borrow as a regular routine. This is the greatest resource to the child, unlimited books for free!

My students read for one hour each night and grew strong in reading levels last year. Many submitted fantastic book reports and gave us reviews of books to read or not to read.

Read with your child, it shows that you care and are serious enough to work at it yourself.

Mandy asks…

How can I make the abs diet for women work with no meat?

Now if you havn’t read the book, it’s not a diet. It’s a lifestyle change. Although, it is high in protein. And one of the 12 power foods is lean meat but the only meat I eat is chicken, and so I need some alternatives to meat. Seeing as though I can’t have that all day long! haha.

admin answers:

Since you are a women you can substitute soy protein foods for some of the meat. Meat substitute foods made with soy or TVP are fine. You just want to avoid the carbs so look at the labels. Tofu, since it is fermented soy, is OK for men and women.
Read the book and other info you will find that whole milk concentrates like full fat cottage cheese is good, low carbs, high protein and useful fat.
All fowl is good and fish is great. If you are of child bearing age go towards smaller cold water fish like sardines and anchovies or wild salmon and herrings (they have less to no mercury).

Mark asks…

Did there used to be Corn syrup in Cheerios and Rice Chex?

I could of Sworn that Cheerios and Rice Chex used to have Corn syrup in them. When I went on my health food kick last year, I stopped buying these. Today at Walmart I read the labels and they didnt have any corn syrup. Is that a new thing?

admin answers:

NO and to the best of my knowledge they have never been a sugar add product my mother was the label reader from hell long before it was cool and she would have never bought sugared cereals into our home. As a child I NEVER knew what sugared cereals were EVER.

Betty asks…

Why is natural food additives made from plants origins much more healthier than those made from animals?

Clear and in-dept explanation please, thanks….
Why is natural food additives made from plants origins much more healthier than those made from animals?

admin answers:

Who says they are? Pick a food additive! “much more healthier”? Sounds like a religious issue, which is, of course, your business. The most prevalent food additive is high fructose corn syrup, and it is not at all healthy.

Plants can be toxic, and many herbs contain multiple chemicals. Well controlled manufacturing practices will get you a better result from plant extracts.

Animal food additives are actually pretty unusual – gelatin, other protein concentrates used for malnourished children, dairy products, fish oil (a supplement), egg yolk (an emulsifier in mayonnaise). If you are a vegetarian, you have to read the label. Of course, you can just use actual food instead of foods with additives.

If this is a homework question, you are going to the wrong school.

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Your Questions About Bmi Airline

Paul asks…

can I sue BMI airlines ?

I was traveling from Russia to San Francisco with my infant child. The airlines caused a lots of stress for me and my daughter .that they.When i gave them the stroller while boarding the plane they totally neglected me and didnt give me directions to pick it up when i got off the plane in a huge airport in London. I had 2 carry-on bags and the baby in my hands.The fight attendant told me she doesnt know anything about my stroller and told me to find it on my own. I ended up being exhausted and not helped.Never got it back at my final destination. As a result my baby and I were went thru a lot while going from one place to another, i almost tripped and fell while walking.

admin answers:

Seriously? You want to sue over a lost stroller and stress? Give me a break. And people wonder why we have so many rules and regulations on airplanes and why there have to be warning signs on cups of coffee. Have you been so irreversibly injured that you can never be physically normal again in your life? This requires a simple complaint to customer service, not a freaking lawsuit! I hope you lose your lawsuit and have to pay for both attorney’s fees. As well as an inconvenience fee to the court system for wasting their time. Life is full of stress and inconvenience and rude airline employees and lost items. Didn’t your mommy tell you that life isn’t fair? Grow up. Either buck up and deal or lock yourself in your basement and don’t come out again. Your choice.

Sandra asks…

BMI BABY Airlines?

Want to know the baggage allowance for flight to Majorca

admin answers:

NONE!!!!!! LOL!

Seriously you must pay for each bag £4 if you book online, and £10 at the airport.
And on top of that for every kilo over 20KG it £6 per kilo

You are though allowed to take one bag on the plane with you aslong as it is under 10 kilo and meets security conditions ie no sharp objects etc

Richard asks…

Safe airlines from UK to US?

I’m terrified of flying, so would pay more for better ones..
Which would you say was the safest?
Virgin Atlantic, BMI, British Airways, or Other?
I’ve only really checked Virgin Atlantic website and they seem reasonably priced. (£500 approx return.) They sounded good to me because they had that flying without fear thing.
Which in your experience felt safe? Thanks!
Lol I am aware of my irrational fear of flying! It’s silly, I just had a bad flight once -think it was a dodgy airline.. Wasn’t all the airlines fault really, it was turbulance, but the staff were horrible, too. It’s just a lot to trust my life with!

admin answers:

BMI has recently been taken over by BA and is being subsumed into their product. Both Virgin and BA have excellent safety records. All airlines flying between Europe and the USA have been certified as suitable by both the US and EU Governments. Both airlines have four out of a possible five stars awarded by Skytrax ( No US based airline has more than three stars incidentally.

I would look at the price and the schedule and see which suits you best.

Incidentally, don’t beat yourself up about being afraid of flying. It is not irrational to be scared of putting your life into the hands of another person when flying at 500mph in an aluminium tube at 35,000ft. It is not irrational but it is unfounded. Flying is the safest form of getting from A to B. You are more likely to be killed walking across the street than in an air disaster. Turbulence goes with the territory on a flight I am sorry to say. All planes have some and they all come out OK at the other end. Bad staff however is another matter entirely.

Book with confidence and try and enjoy the experience.

Linda asks…

Which airlines codeshare with BMI?

We have booked flights to Tenerife through Travel Republic, the e-ticket states BMI, but when I looked on their website they don’t go there. So, I am presuming they code share. The flight number is BD8975 7am 6/9/09 from Manchester.
Strange, Lufthansa go to Tenerife North and we are going South.

admin answers:

Britsh Midland has codes BMI and BD. It code shares with Lufthansa who now own British Midland.

Sharon asks…

What airline has the flight code BD??

admin answers:

BMI has these two codes. So I guess it’s BMI

Airline ICAO Code:BMA
Airline IATA Code:BD

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Your Questions About Bad Cholesterol Foods List

George asks…

How is sugar bad for your health?

First I thought sugar became fat inside one’s body, but I was recently told that that wasn’t the case. Anyone who has any idea how sugar is bad for one’s health, specificly? Thank you!

admin answers:

Sugar is high in carbohydrates. All carbs (even vegs) convert to sugar (glucose) in the body. Excess glucose is converted to glycogen & excess glycogen is converted to fat.

Sugar is an antinutrient & drains the vitamins & minerals from your body.

Sugars – sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup specifically – are particularly harmful, the combination of fructose & glucose simultaneously elevates insulin levels & overload liver with carbs. Through their direct effects on insulin & blood sugar, refined carbs, starches, sugars are the dietary cause of coronary heart disease & diabetes. They are likely dietary causes of cancer, Alzheimer’s & other diseases.

Contributed by Nancy Appleton, Ph.D
Author of the book Lick The Sugar Habit

In addition to throwing off the body’s homeostasis, excess sugar may result in a number of other significant consequences. The following is a listing of some of sugar’s metabolic consequences from a variety of medical journals and other scientific publications.


Sugar can suppress your immune system and impair your defenses against infectious disease.1,2

Sugar upsets the mineral relationships in your body: causes chromium and copper deficiencies and interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium. 3,4,5,6

Sugar can cause can cause a rapid rise of adrenaline, hyperactivity, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and crankiness in children.7,8

Sugar can produce a significant rise in total cholesterol, triglycerides and bad cholesterol and a decrease in good cholesterol.9,10,11,12

Sugar causes a loss of tissue elasticity and function.13

Sugar feeds cancer cells and has been connected with the development of cancer of the breast, ovaries, prostate, rectum, pancreas, biliary tract, lung, gallbladder and stomach.14,15,16,17,18,19,20

Sugar can increase fasting levels of glucose and can cause reactive hypoglycemia.21,22

Sugar can weaken eyesight.23

Sugar can cause many problems with the gastrointestinal tract including: an acidic digestive tract, indigestion, malabsorption in patients with functional bowel disease, increased risk of Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis.24,25,26,27,28

Sugar can cause premature aging.29

Sugar can lead to alcoholism.30

Sugar can cause your saliva to become acidic, tooth decay, and periodontal disease.31,32,33

Sugar contributes to obesity.34

Sugar can cause autoimmune diseases such as: arthritis, asthma, multiple sclerosis.35,36,37

Sugar greatly assists the uncontrolled growth of Candida Albicans (yeast infections)38

Sugar can cause gallstones.39

Sugar can cause appendicitis.40

Sugar can cause hemorrhoids.41

Sugar can cause varicose veins.42

Sugar can elevate glucose and insulin responses in oral contraceptive users.43

Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.44

Sugar can cause a decrease in your insulin sensitivity thereby causing an abnormally high insulin levels and eventually diabetes.45,46,47

Sugar can lower your Vitamin E levels.48

Sugar can increase your systolic blood pressure.49

Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.50

High sugar intake increases advanced glycation end products (AGEs)(Sugar molecules attaching to and thereby damaging proteins in the body).51

Sugar can interfere with your absorption of protein.52

Sugar causes food allergies.53

Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.54

Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.55

Sugar can cause atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.56,57

Sugar can impair the structure of your DNA.58

Sugar can change the structure of protein and cause a permanent alteration of the way the proteins act in your body.59,60

Sugar can make your skin age by changing the structure of collagen.61

Sugar can cause cataracts and nearsightedness.62,63

Sugar can cause emphysema.64

High sugar intake can impair the physiological homeostasis of many systems in your body.65

Sugar lowers the ability of enzymes to function.66

Sugar intake is higher in people with Parkinson’s disease.67

Sugar can increase the size of your liver by making your liver cells divide and it can increase the amount of liver fat.68,69

Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney such as the formation of kidney stones.70,71

Sugar can damage your pancreas.72

Sugar can increase your body’s fluid retention.73

Sugar is enemy #1 of your bowel movement.74

Sugar can compromise the lining of your capillaries.75

Sugar can make your tendons more brittle.76

Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines.77

Sugar can reduce the learning capacity, adversely affect school children’s grades and cause learning disorders.78,79


Robert asks…

Is it okay to eat Lays Kettle Cooked Chips if I have high cholesterol?

I have high cholesterol and shouldn’t be eating fried foods or fatty foods.

That being said, I noticed in a bag of Lays Kettle Cooked Chips (Jalapeno flavored) that the cholesterol was 0 mg and 0%. How is it that there is no cholesterol? I’ve been trying to resolve this paradox online but most people are saying that Lays Kettle Cooked Chips are saturated with oil, are fried, and thus have cholesterol.

But how is that possible? Unless the nutrition label is lying.

admin answers:

Cholesterol only comes from animal fats, so if those chips were fried in vegetable fats they will have no cholesterol.

Here is a list of high cholesterol foods:

Read the ingredients of the package. Are the chips fried in “partially hydrogenated” oils? If so, those oils are even worse for your heart than cholesterol.

If you are looking for a snack go with nuts which are a cholesterol lowering food.
Here are more cholesterol lowering foods:

Chris asks…

What do trans and saturated fats do to your body?

What do those fats do to your body? Do they clog arteriers? What are some foods with trans and saturated fat and some foods without those fats?

admin answers:

First good fat (saturated fats are not all bad): Fatty acids are acids produced when fats are broken down. They are considered “good fats.” These acids are not highly soluble in water, and they can be used for energy by most types of cells. They may be monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, or saturated. They are organic, or in other words, they contain both carbon and hydrogen molecules.

Fatty acids are found in oils and other fats that make up different foods. They are an important part of a healthy diet, because the body needs them for several purposes. Fatty acids help move oxygen through the bloodstream to all parts of the body. They aid cell membrane development, strength, and function, and they are necessary for strong organs and tissue.

Trans fats can be found in many foods – but especially in fried foods like French fries and doughnuts, and baked goods including pastries, pie crusts, biscuits, pizza dough, cookies, crackers, and stick margarines and shortenings. You can determine the amount of trans fats in a particular packaged food by looking at the Nutrition Facts panel. You can also spot trans fats by reading ingredient lists and looking for the ingredients referred to as “partially hydrogenated oils.”

Fatty acids can also help keep skin healthy, help prevent early aging, and may promote weight loss by helping the body process cholesterol. More importantly, they help rid the arteries of cholesterol build up. Another purpose of fatty acids is to assist the adrenal and thyroid glands, which may also help regulate weight.

There are different types of fatty acids. You have most likely heard of certain types, such as Omega-3. Omega-3 is considered an “essential” fatty acid, as is Omega-6. There is one other, Omega-9, but this type can be readily produced by the body, while the other two types cannot.

Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are found in fish and certain plants. Since they cannot be produced in the body, they must be ingested in the form of foods or natural supplements. However, it is important to discuss all supplements with your healthcare provider before you

Bad fat:Trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. Another name for trans fats is “partially hydrogenated oils.” Look for them on the ingredient list on food packages.

Trans fats raise your bad (LDL) cholesterol levels and lower your good (HDL) cholesterol levels. Eating trans fats increases your risk of developing heart disease and stroke. It’s also associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Trans fats can be found in many foods – but especially in fried foods like French fries and doughnuts, and baked goods including pastries, pie crusts, biscuits, pizza dough, cookies, crackers, and stick margarines and shortenings. You can determine the amount of trans fats in a particular packaged food by looking at the Nutrition Facts panel. You can also spot trans fats by reading ingredient lists and looking for the ingredients referred to as “partially hydrogenated oils.”

Mary asks…

What foods should you EAT and AVOID if you have high cholesterol?

IF U CAN, plz give me a list. Avoid and Eat. And a lot of information would be great.

Typing “google it” won’t help.

admin answers:

You need to stay away from most animal fats and foods fried in saturated oil. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will be best for you. If you eat a bowl of oatmeal a day you will see a good decrease in your bad cholesterol level. And exercising will raise your good cholesterol level.

Richard asks…

Is there a natural way to lower cholesterol?

My triglycerides are 474 and it should be less than 250. I tried a total fat free diet for a couple of months and allI did was lose a bunch of weight. Changing my diet didn’t help at all. I really don’t eat a bad diet. I rarely eat fast foods, red meats or fried food.

admin answers:

To the first answerer: WHY NOT!? High cholesterol isn’t bad in and of itself but it generally IS a sign of imbalance in the body. Sometimes they have to do with genetics but otherwise, yes, looking to improve your cholesterol profile is a good idea.

1. If you aren’t already, BECOME PHYSICALLY ACTIVE! Doing aerobic exercise AT LEAST 30 minutes a day is GREAT for your body. If you don’t find the time, at least go out for a 10-minute brisk walk/walk up and down the stairs three times a day – it’ll add up!

2. I’ll give you a list of foods that lower cholesterol, make sure your diet includes some, if not all, of these:
- Oatmeal and oatbran (soluble fiber).

- Cinnamon (half a teaspoon a day)

- Walnuts, almonds, ground flax-seed, pistachios, avocados and other kinds of nuts and seeds (EXTREMELY healthy fats; a cholesterol-lowering diet in which 20 percent of the calories come from walnuts may reduce LDL cholesterol by as much as 12 percent.)

- Extra-Virgin Olive oil (healthy fats again)

- Broccoli and cruciferous vegetables

- Tomatoes

- Fatty fish, or omega-3 fish oil supplements (n-3 fatty acids, duh). Look for low-mercury fish like Wild Atlantic Salmon or light canned tuna. Eat seafood at least twice a week.

- Fruit: dark grapes, blueberries, apples, grapefruit, cranberries, strawberries — all these especially aid in lowering cholesterol. Choose whole fruit instead of juice as it contains fiber.

- Green tea (4 cups a day) or a green tea extract (i.e. Capsules).

- Spinach, kale, carrots and foods rich in vitamin A (sweet potatoes, romaine lettuce, cantaloupe, apricots).

- Foods enriched with plant sterols or stanols (i.e. Specialty spreads)

- Garlic (it contains compounds that help lower your liver’s production of cholesterol)

- LIGHT (low/sugar-free AND low-fat/fat-free) yogurt with live active cultures (probiotics).

- Legumes (beans); eat them at least thrice a week.

- Soy products such as black soybeans, tofu, soy nuts, etc.

- Foods rich in niacin (vitamin B3) such as crimini mushrooms, chicken breast, salmon fillet, yellowfin tuna and dry active yeast.

3. Also, lower your sugar intake. Excessive intake of carbohydrates (especially simple carbs such as sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, maltodextrin, bread, etc.) RAISES your cholesterol. Same with excessive fructose but it is actually difficult to get too much of it if you eat the recommended amounts of fruits everyday, and they are very healthy anyway.

4. Do not, DO NOT eat trans-fats. These horrible fats are contained in margarine, baked goods, and most processed foods. The body cannot metabolize these fats and can get pretty screwed up if you eat them in excess. (Even foods labeled “trans-fat free” can contain trans fat. If somewhere along the ingredients of a food reads “hydrogenated [whatever] oil”, put it back on the shelves where you found it and go buy something else.)

4. When cooking, remove the skin of poultry, and select lean cuts of meat with minimal visible fat (i.e. Sirloin or loin beef). Avoid processed meats like the plague – such as sausage, bologna, salami, hot dogs, even those with “reduced fat” labels. Try to eat as little animal fat as possible as this is generally high in saturated fat.

5. Organ meats such as liver, sweetbreads, kidney and brain are very high in cholesterol. Watch out.

6. You don’t have to be afraid of eggs. One egg or two a day every other day is fine but just don’t go crazy with it.

7. Eat low-fat or fat-free dairy.

8. Check out this article, too:

9. Speak with your doctor and get regular check-ups. I’m sure if you follow a healthy, varied, balanced diet and exercise, you will be great.

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Your Questions About Physical Fitness Careers

Carol asks…

What does it take to become a physical therapist?

I am only 14 but i want to be a physical therapist when i grow up, for people. Also i would love to have dogs there walking around and bringing joy to the world. But what would it take to master the profession and to open my own business?

admin answers:

Well you can start now with the dogs by taking a dog to obedience school and becoming a therapy dog.

What it takes to be a PT is good grades, patience, and persistence.

PT is 6-7 years of school. You will need to get a BS in anything with prereqs of chem, physics, gen bio, and anatomy and physiology. You will also need math, psy and stats.

Try and minimize your debt for school esp if you want to open your own practice. The other thing is you are going to need to shadow a PT or volunteer in a PT dept.


Physical therapists (PTs) are highly-educated, licensed health care professionals who can help patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility – in many cases without expensive surgery and often reducing the need for long-term use of prescription medications and their side effects.

PTs examine each individual and develop a plan, using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness- and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles.

Physical therapists provide care for people in a variety of settings, including hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work settings, and nursing homes. State licensure is required in each state in which a physical therapist practices.

All PTs must receive a graduate degree from an accredited physical therapist program before taking the national licensure examination that allows them to practice. The majority of programs offer the doctor of physical therapy (DPT) degree.


More than 175,000 physical therapists are licensed in the U.S. Today. The median salary for a physical therapist is $80,000 depending on position, years of experience, degree of education, geographic location, and practice setting.


Although many physical therapists practice in hospitals, over 80 percent practice in:

Outpatient clinics or offices
Inpatient rehabilitation facilities
Skilled nursing, extended care, or subacute facilities
Education or research centers
Industrial, workplace, or other occupational environments
Fitness centers and sports training facilities

The minimum educational requirement is a post-baccalaureate degree from an accredited education program. While some programs offer a master’s degree, a growing majority of programs offer the Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree. Currently, 199 colleges and universities nationwide support 212 accredited professional physical therapist education programs; 96% now offer the DPT and the remaining programs are planning to convert.


After graduation, candidates must pass a state-administered national exam. Other requirements for physical therapy practice vary from state to state according to physical therapy practice acts or state regulations governing physical therapy.

Maria asks…

what careers can you get with an associates degree in criminal justice?

I’d like to become a police officer, but am a bit unsure how to start off. What other careers are available?

admin answers:

There are many different law enforcement officer jobs that you could consider trying to get. You should definitely get a college degree if you don’t have one. Consider getting a 4 year degree. Many law enforcement agencies require or prefer applicants to have college. Having a degree could help you get hired. Some agencies pay their officers more if they have a degree. Having a degree could also help you get promoted during your career. You could apply for local, state, or federal police officer jobs. You could also try to become a federal special agent or criminal investigator if you have a 4 year degree. Some other job titles to consider are game warden, conservation officer, park ranger, constable, deputy sheriff, probation officer, parole officer, and correctional officer.

Requirements to become a police officer or other law enforcement officer vary and how you become an officer varies depending on the agency. Visit the websites of the agencies that you might be interested in working for. Agency websites often provide information about their applicant requirements, about how to apply, and about their hiring process. Some relatively common minimum requirements include having at least a high school diploma or ged, being a citizen, being at least 21 years old, having a valid driver’s license, and having no felony convictions. Some relatively common steps in hiring processes include application, written test, physical fitness test, interview, drug test, medical examination, and background investigation.

Getting law enforcement officer jobs is becoming more and more competitive. Do whatever you can to make yourself the best candidate that you can. For example, don’t do anything illegal, maintain a good reputation, keep a good driving record, don’t get bad credit, improve all of your communication skills as much as possible, and become as physically fit as you can. Best of luck!

Linda asks…

What would be a suitable fitness Ticklist for joining the Royal Marines?

So yeah im going to be signing the Application in a couple of months time, but before that i would like to get my fitness up a little and to a certain standard, The only problem is… what standard would that be, i know the training and fitness is going to be tough, really tough. But what would be a suitable ticklist before signing the sheets
1. 6 miles running
2. 20 pull ups
Etc etc


admin answers:

Ok please bear in mind it is 28 years ago and our minds dim with age.
Firstly you visit the local Royal Navy Careers office. They tell you that before they will register an application they have to see a demonstration of upper body strength (in those days pull ups). The guy said to me would i like to go away and practice (i always did look skinny!). Wow I thought, how many do they expect! So i asked him how many i had to do, he said ” i will need to see at least 3″ (three!) I laughed at him and said would ten do or should i do 20.
Assume application goes through you will then do a 3 day test (lympstone).
Main physical requirements;
1.5 miles in under 7mins30
at least 20 press ups
60 sit ups
as many pull ups as poss
shuttle runs.
If you don’t get these it is not the end, what counts is effort- they can get you fit if they believe in you.
Bootnecks may not be perfect but they never give up.
Good luck nice career choice

George asks…

What is the best way to make a career out of soccer?

I’m 13 and I am from Western Kentucky. I’m very interested in making a career out of soccer, but I’m not sure on how to get to the pros after high school. Any advice? I’d greatly appreciate it!

admin answers:

I would start to videotape your Soccer games and make a compilation video of yourself. Show off your best skills and attributes then send that video (with a short letter requesting a trial) to as many clubs as possible. Search for the clubs “Head of Development” or “Scouting and Recruiting”. You can do this with a simple Google search. ??

Stick with it . You may not find success right away but you cannot get frustrated. It may take 100 No’s before you get 1 yes. But that 1 yes will be more than worth it. Next you must be certain you are at the top of your game when you do finally get the trial. ??

Most importantly you need to be working to become a better Soccer player each and every single day. If you think you’re “good enough” you’re wrong. Make a commitment to improve in some way every day and you will be on the road to Soccer success.

If you want to become better you should be looking to improve all areas of your game not just a select few: Technical Skill, Physical Fitness, Mental Toughness, and Tactical Understanding.

First of all you need to start training on your own – work to improve the basic ball skills, dribbling, shooting, passing, and ball control. Example: Dribble a ball around the house, practice your passing and shooting on a wall for 10 minutes a day.

Work to improve your fitness: strength, power, speed, acceleration, endurance, and flexibility. Example: every second day do 50 push ups, 100 squats, and 50 sit ups …. Go for a run every morning, gradually increasing your speed each time.

Next you need to always give your best effort on the field. Remember you only have one chance to play that game so leave it all out there. Make a promise to yourself to be the hardest working player on the field, every time you step on the field.

You should also start watching professional Soccer at least 1 game per week, you can learn so much from pros. Don’t just watch the ball, watch specific players and watch what they do both on and off the ball.

If you’re really serious about seeing those improvements your talking about pick up my Free Training Guide and complete the Beginner training program at the end of the book. I promise if you stick to it and give your best effort each day you will see changes in your game. You can get that Free Training Guide as well as weekly tips and updates by filling out the form on the right side bar of my website, I will post the link in the resource box. ??

I want you to write back after you have completed the program and tell me about your improvements. Best of luck and keep me posted on your progress.

Robert asks…

What are law enforcement careers to look into for 18 y/o and above?

I am trying to get in the military but due to past medical issues i will most likely not be granted a waiver. I’ve also been looking into Law Enforcement careers that might interest me. The only one i know of though (other than a police officer at 21) is the Border Patrol. I know that you’re able to sign up when you’re 18 and see if you are accepted. What are some other law enforcement careers or homeland security careers hire at 18? What are some i should look into? Thanks.
I will be 20 Oct 2

admin answers:

To become a police officer, the standard requirement for most major police agencies seems to be a minimum of 60 undergraduate hours, although some allow substitution of military service, and a Bachelor’s degree may be preferred (generally required for federal special agent positions). Some agencies have age limits, for federal jobs it is 21 minimum and 37 maximum. Any major is acceptable, but Criminal Justice, Sociology, or Psychology may stand you in better stead. Smaller agencies may have a high school requirement. The agency normally provides training, but some states may have private academies (like TX). There are more applicants than there are positions. Those meeting the minimum requirements may not compare well to the best qualified applicants. Many agencies have increased pay levels for higher education, and higher education facilitates promotion.

I recommend that individuals major in psych and minor in CJ (even though I majored in CJ, BS & PhD). Any bachelors degree is acceptable for federal investigative agencies, GPA, work experience, ability to communicate orally and in writing, and graduate degrees are what determine who gets hired for federal positions. And, there are always more applicants than positions.

A Bachelor’s degree is required for federal special agent positions (very few exceptions). Any major is acceptable, but Criminal Justice, Sociology, or Psychology may stand you in better stead. Those meeting the minimum requirements may not compare well to the best qualified applicants. The FBI likes lawyers and accountants, but they hire from various backgrounds ( Other federal agency job announcements should be available at; acceptance of applications is cyclical, and not always open.

You must have no felony arrests, and many misdemeanor arrests are also disqualifying. And, a domestic violence conviction will be disqualifying. Any prior drug use of any sort may be disqualifying, although exceptions are possible in some agencies. There may be a written exam, medical exam, polygraph test, physical fitness test, drug test, minimum eyesight requirements, psychological evaluation, oral board examination, and full background check. As I said, there are always more applicants than there are positions, so it may take many application submissions to get an acceptable job (at least it did for me). Contact the agency directly or look for their website, which will list their employment qualifications and requirements.

There are other positions within the arena of criminal justice that may be easier to get with a CJ degree or forensic Psych degree, like probation, corrections, juvenile justice positions, investigative assistants in federal agencies, and possibly some positions more closely aligned with social work (like pretrial assessment). There are numerous books available that identify positions closely aligned with criminal justice. And, there are web sites, a quick check came up with:

Intelligence analysis consists mainly of review of documents, seeking connections and logical inferences in an effort to predict future events or establish prior associations. Whether or not it is interesting or boring varies from person to person, and may involve computer aided analysis. Intelligence analysis is generally divided into two classes, strategic and tactical. Strategic intelligence looks at the “big picture” with a longer-term focus, allowing prediction of future enforcement needs; while tactical intelligence concerns more immediate activities of specific offenders or organizations.

There are also physical security positions in government and in the private sector that do not have physical fitness requirements. Any private company of any sized either contracts for or employs security of some sort. ASIS International ( is a private security organization that provides certifications in several areas of security.

Each state has a process for licensing private investigators, check the internet to identify the appropriate state agency (Dept of Public Safety in TX) for licensing requirements, and for a state PI association that sponsors training. A licensed agency may employ individuals as trainees.

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Your Questions About Fa

Mary asks…

I was a ground crew of Bangladesh Air Force for 8 years. Is it value adding for FA candidate?

So far I know cabin Crew (FA) jobs has little similarity with that of ground crew. In Addition, I’ve been discharged for misconduct. So I am unwilling to mention this experience into my CV for FA. I am in a quandary whether it should be mentioned.

admin answers:

Many employers will do an extensive background check to be sure that the resume or employment application is accurate. Omitting things or lying will certainly be a problem if it is discovered. I had a tiny problem on my application at a large company and was called by the investigator and informed he had no choice but to tell the company that my application was not right. This was a second university degree I claimed I had. The school claimed it was not a second degree but a second major to my first degree.

I worked out the whole thing and the employer really didn’t care if it was a degree or a major – that was the same to them. What they did not like was that it appeared I was not being honest about something. Their reasoning is that if they catch me lying about one thing I’m probably lying about others things they have not discovered yet and there is nothing to keep me from lying once I work for them, too.

If you don’t mention this and it is revealed by the investigator you will not get the job.

If you don’t mention it and are later found out this can be very bad. If an old co-worker or someone familiar with your past shows up in that company you could lose your job and probably forget ever working in that industry again.

Your best chance is to come clean now. Telling them you did something stupid in the past is better than having them find out later.

Helen asks…

Is Chelsea FC a completely independent business or is it heavily regulated by the English FA?

Are Chelsea allowed to buy as many players as they want during the designated transfer window or does the Fa impose limits on this?

admin answers:

Chelsea can buy as many players as they want during the transfer windows, however:

1. They can only play 25 of these players in the league.

2. If they are found to have acted illegaly the FA can ban the transfer of players.

3. If Chelsea are found to have not acted honestly in getting a transfer, the FA can ban the transfer of players.

Sandra asks…

What is the home team in tonight’s English FA Cup soccer game that will be shown live on Facebook?

What is the home team in tonight’s English FA Cup soccer game that will be shown live on Facebook?

admin answers:

Ascot United

David asks…

What type of lenses can I use for a Nikon FA?

I recently decided to dump my Oly 4/3 system and go Nikon- my first purchase is an old FA on Ebay, and also want to get probably a D300 in a while- what lens type should I be looking for? I know I can’t use Nikon “G” lenses on the FA- so what’s compatible with both? (I may also go for a D90 or D700) Can I use DX lenses on the FA?
Is this a good choice?

Nikkor AF 75-300mm f4.5-5.6- this is the older metal one, for $250 in good shape.

admin answers:

You cannot use DX or G CPU lenses on an FA – AI, AI-s, or AF in manual are the lenses you should get for the FA. For a telezoom, that lens is a good choice, but be aware that the FA is not an AF camera, so you will be focusing manually, and the lens will leave the viewfinder quite dim. The FA and FE lines were really designed for use with AI and AI-s lenses that are fast and bright. I would invest in a nikkor 50mm f/1.4 AI-s, I have one that I use with my FE2, it’s an excellent lens, and you can find them for around $250 on sites like KEH:

If you wish to use AI-s lenses on newer digital SLR’s, you should also be aware that unless you get a D300 or above, you will have limited use of them. They do not couple with the meters of lesser cameras like the D90/D60.

Jenny asks…

If a footballer tests positive for drugs does the football club or FA decide the punishment?

And if it’s the FA what is the standard ban?

admin answers:

The FA decides the punishment: the rule says that if it is a first offence you are banned for between 3 months and two years.

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Your Questions About Mushy Poop In Dogs

Robert asks…

My leopard gecko is not digesting its food?

I have been taking my leo to the vet every month because he is malnourished and recently the vet put him on Hills A/D dog/cat food (i know he is eating cat food but the vet prescribed it to him and he enjoys it) she also told me since he wont eat mealworms to cut them in half and put them in his mouth since he is to weak to eat on his own. Well the problem is that when he pooped it looked the same as the food I fed him. It looks like he didn’t digest the worms because I can see it in his mushy poop (the vet said it’s ok that his poop is mushy because he is on the cat food).
Is he still getting the proper nutrients form the worms and cat/dog food since it looks like he literally pooped out his food.

admin answers:

Do not feed him Hills or any other presciption and dry food.

The dry food doesn’t contain enough nutrients to keep the cat healthy. It’s stocked up with fillers like corn, wheat, soy and grain in general that are not digestible for cat and have no nutritional value for it. On top of it it’s high in carbs and contributes to feline diabetes and obesity. The fact that your cat doesn’t digest the food is just a proof that something is wrong with that food.

Unfortunately the little training vets get on nutrition is sponsored by pet food manufacturers so vets do not really know what they’re doing when it comes to nutrition.

Any wet food is far better than dry, but you want to look for cans that are grain-free and list muscle meat as first ingredient. Some good brands are EVO, Wellness Core, Merrick etc.

There is an excellent pet nutritionist who published a lot of materials and you can learn from her on this website. She goes in depth as to what the cat needs and what to feed. Www.

By the way here is what is in AD, think for yourself. And that’s the wet food, the better option:
Top 10 Ingredients in Hill’s Prescription Diet a/d Canine/Feline Canned Food


Water (Minus 1 point): Used as non-nutritive filler in food. UGH!

Pork liver (Minus 1 point): Cheapest source of flavoring, some iron, hard to digest. Liver can become toxic to the body.

Poultry liver (Minus 1 point): Cheap source of liver flavoring, non-descriptive, often includes diseased tissues. Can become toxic to body.

Chicken (Minus 1 point): Contains water in the muscles, adds weight to dry food, less protein nutrition! Best used in can food. Trace amounts of chicken when listed lower on list of ingredients.

Corn flour (Minus 1 point): Can create bowel distress, weight gain, source of protein, filler.

Pork protein isolate (Plus 1 point): Source of protein.

Fish oil (Minus 1 point): Non-descriptive type of fish can include rancid source of “throw away” catches.

Chicken liver flavor (Minus 1 point): Poor quality of flavor additive, artificial flavors can be carcinogenic.

Calcium carbonate (Plus 1 point): Standard source of calcium, promotes strong bones, teeth, cardiovascular health and skeletal strength, used as a buffer to acidic foods.

Sodium tripolyphosphate (Minus 1 point): Used as rancid meat preservative.

Lizzie asks…

What does this mean for a dog?

Last month I switched him from Purina Dog Chow dry food, to Merricks Canned Dog food (Natural) as per suggestion from my vet due to an allergy/sickness my dog had contracted. I am happy to report that my doggy is back to optimal health except he has mushy poop and has been flatulating more than normal in the past 3 weeks. And his poop and farts smell like the food that I give him. What does this mean? I have already left a message for my vet waiting for her to call me back, just wanted to see if someone on Yahoo! knew.
Originally my vet had suggested three different types: Merricks, Solid Gold, and Natural Balance. My dog didn’t like the Natural balance. I tried the canned and the dry, I even tried mixing them. He wouldn’t touch them. I then went to Merricks (if this didn’t work I was going to try Solid Gold), I opened the canned food first and he went at it like a monkey with bananas. I knew we had found a winner. He won’t touch dry food. And ever since he has just been feeling great. No aches, no pain, no dry skin, no rash, no infections. Happy Doggy! :)

admin answers:

How long ago did you switch his food? My dogs had nasty poop and bad farts after I switched them to Blue Buffalo. One was on science diet and the other on eukinuba. The one on the science diet had bad gas for almost two months.

Also, I think if your dog is doing really well on the food you should keep him on it, the gas will pass! :D

Lisa asks…

Home-made rat/mouse food?

What do you feed your rats/mice?
Do you buy lab blocks or make your own rat food?
What brand of blocks/what is in your home-made food?

Here is my recipe:

Amounts can be stretched and chopped down, depending on the number of rats. The recipe is for about two weeks for 6 rats. (Treats and fresh foods excluded) It turns into a kind of paste, you can bake half of it (or all, I suppose) into ratty-cookies and alternate to avoid “mushy poop” or whatever. Keep in mind all ingredients should be organic.

2 lbs of fruit and (steamed) veggies:
Assorted berries
Greens – spinach, chard, turnip greens
Assorted beans


1500 mg – liquid calcium with vitamin D
1700 mcg – chromium picolinate (the dose is based on their metabolism, not their weight)
¾ cup – Total cereal (or cereal of same nutritional value)
½ cup – Benevo Vegan dog/cat food
1 lb – (cooked) packaged soft tofu
½ cup – shelled raw sunflower seeds
½ cup – flax seeds
½ cup – raw oatmeal
4 teaspoons – pearled barley
4 teaspoons – millet
3 tablespoons – cooked brown rice
4 tablespoons – toasted wheat germ
2 ½ tablespoons – nutritional yeast flakes (5.6 g)
2 tablespoons – blackstrap (dark or full flavor) molasses
½ pound of cooked lean beef

You just blend it all up and bake half (or all) into ratty-cookies and let your rats enjoy.
“Rats and mice can and do very well on plain old kibble dog food”

Is that supposed to be a joke?
How long do your rats live?
You do know that rats and mice have completely different nutritional requirments than dogs.
I cant believe you think that is healthy, rats are omnivores, like us, how would you like eating nothing but dog food?
That is just retarded….

Sorry everyone =P

admin answers:

I give my rats a base of Mazuri lab block and mix up the veggies and fruits. They get a broad mix…. How much do you feed your rats a day? I like your cookie idea… I think I’m going to try that!!

Ken asks…

Parvo question.. I don’t like asking Y!A about this but it’s my only option before E.R.?

Josie’s about a year and 3 months. She got her parvo shot a month ago. This past week she did have some hard red mushy stuff in her poop a couple of times, it didn’t look like blood, but the food she eats doesn’t look like what it did going in, either, so I don’t know. It was not diarrhea, and she had chewed up a pig’s ear to shreds, so it was mentioned to me that it could be blood and have digested the wrong way. We got home a few hours late today (the boyfriend and I are sharing a car at the moment, not fun), when we got home she threw up a total of 5 piles of bile, which I’ve read is caused by too much eating or meals too far in between. About 10 minutes after, she devoured all of her bowl and even about half a cup of her sister’s, and was still interested in my dinner.

She’s acting fine otherwise, I just know how serious Parvo is and have no prior experience with dogs to know what else to look for. Are the throwup and strange poop (6 days ago) related, and moreover are they signs of parvo?

Straight direct answers please. Let me know what to look out for, if anything.

admin answers:

Hmmm Parvo is the worst thing in the world, Signs can be Lethargy, loss of appetite, weight loss, dehydration, abdominal discomfort, sometimes a fever and as you know bloody vomit and diarrhoea, As your dog is vaccinated the risks are fairly low, but it is possible, she may just have a mild gastro-enteritis. Best to take to the vet to be sure though..But to me it doesnt really sound like parvo

Carol asks…

4 month old Bichon Mix has bloody mucusy diarrhea.?

Ok before you say anything… he is going to the Vet tomorrow… appointment is already set. I just want to get some ideas of what it could be… so I can research it all and understand what the Vet says tomorrow. I also want to prepare myself because it could be bad.

He is an adorable 4 month out Bichon Mix… he was a puppy mill dog. He has been to the Vet before for a round of his puppy shots. They took a stool sample them for heartworms and such. The Doc said he seemed healthy. He was already fixed when we got him – its standard for the rescue group. He weights 5 + pounds and tomorrow should be his last set of puppy shots. He has gotten his Parvo shot and heart worm preventatives. His poop was mushy today so I gave him 1 table spoon of pumpkin. About an hour later we noticed he puked that up. And my boyfriend said at noon that he had pea’s in it…which doesn;t surprise me he vacuums the floors non stop. Then around 6:30 my boyfriend said he had liquid diarrhea with bright red blood and mucus in it.

He called the emergency vets and they said if he is still eating normal and drinking its not as bad as it seems. However we will for sure tell the Vet tomorrow no doubt. All night he has been sleepy and resting a lot. But eating/drinking. We gave him white rice and boiled chicken like the Vet said instead of his puppy food so it is easier on his tummy. From when I saw him at 6:30 pm until now 1:30 AM he had been laying around – not lethargic though… when he knew i was making his food he would get up and follow me with out question he would come to me for be picked up and give kisses and wag his tail like normal.

Its not about 1:30 AM and he has for the first time I saw – started to play. He has not pooped since 6:30 but has pee-ed. He is now running around and growling and playing like he usually does but gets tired out real quick. Just curious if you can give me some ideas on what could be wrong so I can research and be prepared. It could still be parvo even though he got the shot…but is there something I am not finding online when i google is all I get is talk about parvo.

Thank you in advance!!!!!!!!!

admin answers:

Since he is still playful and not acting lethargic, I would think it’s either a case of colitis or coccidia. When my dog was around the same age as yours, he got into some garbage. Ended up with bloody mucus poop. The vet found nothing in the stool sample, and after I told him what happened, said it was colitis. Got some meds and fixed him right up. Colitis is basically an inflammation somewhere in the intestines. You might want to keep him on the boiled chicken and rice for at least a few days to give his body a rest.

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